Chernobyl disaster: 30 years are behind

Голова правління
Народився 26 листопада 1959 року у м. Овруч Житомирської області. З 1976 по 1984 рік проходив службу в Збройних силах. Освіта вища. Закінчив Кам’янець-Подільське Вище військове інженерне командне училище у 1980 році. З 1980 по 1982 рік брав участь у розмінуванні вибухонебезпечних предметів на території Білорусії.
Чорнобильські мотиви
12-13 грудня 2008 року відбувся 2-й всеукраїнський фестиваль пісні "Чорнобильські мотиви" до дня вшанування учасників ліквідації аварії на ЧАЕС, участь в якому взяли 140 учасників та більш ніж 400 гостей та запрошених
Заохочувальна відзнака Всеукраїнської асоціації „Афганці Чорнобиля” - Медаль „ЗА ВІРНІСТЬ БОЙОВОМУ ТОВАРИСТВУ” - двостороння, виготовлена з металу жовтого кольору методом особливо точного вакуумного лиття та має форму просіченого кола діаметром 32 мм.

It is already 30 years Ukraine heals wounds, which were caused by Chernobyl disaster and with all genetic holiness and love accepts the land of primogenitor. April 26, 2016 whole world will remember the global technological disaster of the twentieth century, which became known as the Chernobyl tragedy.

On this day, in 1986, in the north of Kyiv region, 90 km from the capital, near the border of Belarus, there was the explosion of the fourth Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which resulted that "atom" came out of control: there were rapidly thrown wide range of radionuclides from the destroyed reactor which led to pollution of vast area of Europe. Radioactive fallout significantly have been found in Sweden, Finland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and other European countries, however, the largest radioactive contamination was experienced in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. This accident is reasonably called the most ambitious disaster of humanity. As a result of the Chernobyl disaster there were irradiated about 5 million citizens. Approximately   5000 populated areas of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia were on the contaminated territories, of which 2 293 directly in Ukraine. At the same time in Ukraine, more than 2.6 million people were experienced the external and internal exposure of high doses experienced, accounting for about 1.5% of the total number of the population in 1986, and all components of the environment without exception.

This pity, that caused the Chernobyl disaster is huge and has a number of environmental aspects, such as the contamination of ecosystem parts, the negative impact on the health of living organisms, especially human, excluding of using large areas and natural resources.

It needs docades to solve an infinite number of environmental problems, if not hundreds of years. The main among them is immediately determining the fate of the old, dilapidated facility "Shelter" over the rest parts of reactor and build on top additional, stronger "sarcophagus" that will prevent new environmental disaster. If the sarcophagus collapses or starts a new wave of nuclear chain reaction, the radioactive cloud will cover half of Europe.

Another environmental problem that requires effective multi-year program is the transformation of the exclusion zone into an ecologically safe area. Today it is the most contaminated area around Chernobyl, where people were moved out in 1986 and ceased any economic activity which does not belong to decommissioning and liquidation of consequences of the disaster. Currently, the exclusion zone in Ukraine with attached territories of zone of unconditional (required 'obligatory) resettlement - is 2,600 sq. Km, 76 settlements, including the world famous city of Pripyat and Chernobyl. This land is special because of appearing new species of flora and developong fauna populations which were already on the extinction stage. Every year 5,000 evacuees come to their little motherland for visiting the graves of relatives, relatives in villages and towns, but, unfortunately, it is dangerous to live and work here.

During the time that has passed since this terrible accident, the radiation status of contaminated territories was improved. This is due to natural processes and measures taken to prevent radionuclide outside the exclusion zone, overcoming the consequences of disaster in agricultural, forestry production and conducting of decontamination work. These implemented measures resulted of reducing irradiation doses of people living in these areas.

An effective tool in this aspect was the National Program of Chornobyl, covering the full range of activities, from maintaining the health and social protection of persons affected by the Chernobyl disaster, to the organization of international cooperation in overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster.

The first international delegation visiting the exclusion zone in 1988 was the Nuclear Regulatory Commission US. Periscopes could take pictures of the destroyed reactor. The first video journalist, who visited the sarcophagus, was Yedvard Biff, a correspondent of BBC. The first foreign journalis, working in the place of object “Shelter”, was Frenchwoman Francoise-Marie Morel. All of them received radiation doses.

UN General Assembly proclaimed the third decade (2006-2016 years) after the Chernobyl disaster as period of rehabilitation and sustainable development of the regions affected by the disaster. The efforts of the affected countries should be aimed to return affected communities to normalcy. However, in recent years, activivity of Ukraine is steadily reduced in overcoming consequences of the disaster. It is clear, that now, the most relevant issues are related to hostilities in the East of Ukraine. But acknowledged that the problems do not disappear arising from the Chernobyl disaster, but only transformed into other forms, and some of them, socio-economic forms which are aggravated.

But we want to believe that science will find a way to bring back to life this wonderful unique part of Ukraine. And there will be again growing wheat, singing songs,  happy people.

The accident significantly changed the lives of the citizens of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia who are living in the most polluted areas. No matter how Chernobyl radionuclides aggravated their health, but also events related to the accident (evacuation, reduction in agricultural production and other measures, information on conflicting assessments of possible consequences), radically changed the way of life of these people, especially rural residents. Lack of expertise Radiology allowed the population to assess the veracity of the information submitted in the press, on radio and TV. As a result, subjective assessment of possible consequences outweighed the real situation in many times. Whether or not, the most critical issues today is a degree of radiation on humans. As you know, this impact is defined dose. The highest dose received almost 200 thousand. People who were involved in the accident in 1986-1987. Meanwhile, dozens of people, who participated in the liquidation activities, received a potentially lethal dose immediately after the accident, which, unfortunately, have not been documented. More than 3.5 million inhabitants of Ukraine have received additional doses in result of Chernobyl disaster. Among of them 1.3 million. Children who were needed more attention to themselves.

As of today in Ukraine, 1,990,890 persons classified as victims of the Chernobyl disaster, including over 59 thousand disabled and injured people, more than 431 thousands of children who need comprehensive attention and protection by the state. Thus, the problem affects nearly 2 million people, or 4.7% of the population of Ukraine. This is more than the population of countries like Latvia or Slovenia.

In the future, we can expect that as a result of natural population (while maintaining the current criteria of national legislation) the total number of victims will decrease, and in their structure, clearly decrease the proportion of exposed children.

The characteristic of structure affected by the Chernobyl disaster is the rapid increase in the number of disabled people of category 1, the diseases which are associated with the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster. As the proportion of the total number of affected people who became disabled of all categories of victims have increased over the last 5 years from 4.77% to 5.48%.

From the first days of the accident, Ukraine made many efforts to protect the public from the negative impact of the Chernobyl disaster. Over time, it became obvious imperfections, invalidity, ineffectiveness of a number of measures implemented in the first months for liquidation consequences of the accident and to protect people, but it should be determined, that these defects were connected with social, political, economic, technical and others, including, psychological causes. Protection of the population continues to be carried out by antiradiation, social, medical areas.

The main antiradiation measure aimed at reducing internal and external radiation levels from contaminated areas was carried out by the state organized resettlement of residents that observed for 2005

The system of social protection aimed at compensation for losses the population of Ukraine got concerning loss of health, a traditional place of residence, property, sustainable lifestyles, work.

After the Chernobyl accident, there were introduced preferential policies and compensation in Ukraine, in relation to all categories of population exposed to the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster.

One of the prior tasks of overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster is the preservation and recovery of health of people affected by the Chernobyl catastrofy.

Before the accident, health of population living in the territory was determined by socioeconomical characteristics of the region, natural factors and the emissions of heavy metals by industrial enterprises and transport.

Statistical monitoring of the health of citizens, affected by the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster, indicates the presence of changes of their health.

As a result of long-term survey, the health of the affected population in the post-catastrofy period has significantly deteriorated. Due to increasing diseases the number of healthy people among liquidators of the Chernobyl accident decreased from 67.6% to 3.2%, among adults is from 67.7% to 18.7%; the amount of people with chronic diseases were increased from 12.8% to 83.1%, evacuees is from 31.5% to 80.3%.

According to the national and international scientific research of assessing the health effects of the Chernobyl disaster, population of Ukraine have increased frequency of radiation induced diseases. The most significant disases for the victims are a non-cancer disease and cancer. They are the main factor of disability and mortality.

So just need primary medical care, treatment and rehabilitation for most affected people withhelp trust funds.

The situation, after the accident, needed and now needs review the system of care, establishment the system of medical measures based on new scientific research institutions, the National Registry of patients with a unique computer "Books database. The increase in morbidity and mortality among all categories of victims by the Chernobyl disaster should be under the attention of doctors, scientists and social workers for developing and implementing measures and facilities to preserve and improve health. It should be a radical improvement concerning quality of the health center, creating real mechanisms for implementation of modern treatment and rehabilitation.

Special attention is needed for health problems of children, being born by victims (liquidators of the Chernobyl accident). The amount of healthy people is decreased, while the number of people with chronic diseases is increased. Formation of morbidity of children  caused not only by the influence of radiation factors (whose contribution is 20% of diseases), but also by non-radiation factors, pollution of agricultural land with heavy metals, pesticides, poor quality drinking water, deficiency of vitamins in food.

It is necessary to take into the consideration the social and psychological effects of the accident. The psychological influence on people was that people found themselves in the unusual situation. They were under the influence of an unknown factor that is not perceived by the human sensory organs and assess the possible consequences of its impact interpreted by many sources of information in the widest range.

It is unieque experience which was collected during the period after the disaster. However, in terms of our analysis of the health effects of the Chernobyl disaster, their dynamics and forecast show that government efforts to minimize health effects are insufficient.

Almost all the years our state has to finance the cost of eliminating the consequences of this terrible accident. However, based on what that now Ukraine is in a state of aggression by Russia, economical reformational system, it can not solve global, particularly medical issues of liquidators.

A very important component of elimination outcomes of the Chernobyl disaster is the world community involvement. Assessment of motivation for such participation was declared by UN Secretary General Perez de Cuellar in 1990. In "Chernobyl" letter he said that the disaster at Chernobyl as massive incident related to nuclear energy, does not accept national borders, it increases over political and social distinctios and persuade a need of using all channels of International cooperation for solutions multitude problems occured in connection with the Chernobyl tragedy. "

We openly take an attention and we will sincerely thank the international European community, which would convince the government of our country to reconsider an attitude to Chernobyl Heroes and, if possible, to provide practical assistance.

Today, the liquidators do not have enough financial resourses for self-treatment, medical operations. Therefore, we consider appropriate development in our counry concerning the European health programs of early diagnosis of diseases using MRI, ultrasound, providing targeted financial assistance to the liquidators for payment of medical operations, purchase of expensive medicines, artificial limbs, stands with the help of NGOs.

It would be desirable to provide humanitarian assistance, rest and recovery for liquidators in the European Union with help non-governmental organizations.

We need help in the implementation of health insurance for the liquidators with the involvement of European insurance companies using the Ukrainian center for Chernobyl and budget for the Ukrainian Chernobyl programs.

Currently, it is necessary to promote development of programs in Ukraine to protect the liquidators as the "Forgotten Heroes of Europe" in Germany, the Japanese government support programs in Ukraine "Kusanone" repair dormitories, hospitals, housing for people of Chernobyl. To change radically the situation, according to experts, can be only by using the European experience, the introduction of laws "On Charity and patronage."

The sense of humanitariansim and mercy is in the fate of hundreds of thousands people affected by the Chernobyl disaster.

Chernobyl can not be sent to archives - a dramatic event, which in the future will be at center of not only immediate initiatives, but also reflection on issues relating whole humanity.


                                                                                We are hostages of nuclear progress

                                                                             We have neither forest nor heaven.

So we live from stress to stress.

                                                                                 Alphabet of death we have - N P P.

(Lina Kostenko, 1989)

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